Track and field sex
An international athletic body ruled Wednesday that women with several rare forms of hyperandrogenism must lower their natural testosterone levels for at least 6 months before competing in races ranging from meters to 1 mile, according to a press release. Such a reduction in testosterone can be achieved, according to the IAAF evidence, by the use of oral contraceptives. The eligibility rules have been repeatedly questioned by some endocrinologists, who have called into question the evidence and the ethics of such a decision. In fact, the entire emphasis of the anti-doping world has been to prevent or uncover the use of medications that may influence athletic performance.
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For more than a generation, coach John Rembao has been a fixture in the sport of track and field. He worked as an assistant coach at most of those schools. On Dec. Center for SafeSport placed Rembao on a temporary suspension for allegations of misconduct. The nature of the allegations was not revealed by SafeSport. Three women turned him in: Erin Aldrich, a Olympian and eight-time all-American in the high jump who was coached by Rembao at Arizona and Texas; Jessica Johnson, a high jumper who was coached by Rembao at Texas and later became a two-time all-American at Arkansas; and Londa Bevins, a middle-distance runner who was coached by Rembao at Texas and later became a seven-time all-American at Arkansas. They all were recruited and coached by him in the late s and early s.
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Most international sports organisations work on the premise that human beings come in one of two genders: male or female. Consequently, all athletes, including intersex and transgender individuals, must be assigned to compete in one or other category. The changing nature of these judgements reflects a great deal about our cultural, social and national prejudices, while the matter of testing itself has become a site of conflict for feminists and human rights activists. As historians, we need to be extremely careful to differentiate between mythologies and histories. The relationship between femininity and physical exercise is well studied by historians; in fact, it is probably better analysed and certainly more problematised than the relationship between masculinity and sport.
These rules apply across the board to athletes however they presented at birth. Understanding the rules and why they make sense is hard. Replacing traditional sex classifications with classifications based on gender identity certainly has steep costs in contexts like competitive sport, where the likelihood of success is precisely about sex-specific biology. A lot has been written about intersex athletes who identify — or are identified in their legal documents — as women.